The valley of Kathmandu consists of three main cities of great historical and cultural interest. Kathmandu, Lalitpur (Patan) and Bhaktapur (Bhadagaon). Situated at an altitude of 1336m. above sea level. The Kathmandu Valley covers an area of 218 sq. miles. The major tourist attractions in Kathmandu valley are:

                                                        Kathmandu Valley with World Heritage Sites

Kathmandu Durbar Square:

Kathmandu is the historical seat of royalty. Durbar Square with its old temples epitomizes the religious and cultural life of the people. It is here that Kings of Nepal are crowned and their coronations solemnized. Interesting things to see here are Taleju Temple built by King Mahendra Malla in 1549 AD. Kal Bhairav, the God of destruction, Nautalle Durbar, Coronation Nasal Chowk, the Gaddi Baithak, The statue of king Pratap Malla, the big bell, Big Drum and the Jaganath Temple. On the right-hand corner, a large wooden lattice screen hides an enormous glidee face of Sweata Bhairav. The screen is removed only during the Indra Jatra festival. The Numismatic and Tribhuvan Museum are located inside the Hanuman Dhoka Palace building.

 

Bouddha (UNESCO World Heritage Site):

 

 Stupa, the second largest stupa in the world, is one of the most popular touristic sites in the Kathmandu valley. Boudha is also most important Tibetean Buddist manument outside Tibet, located about 11 km (6.8 mi) from the center and northeastern outskirts of Kathmandu, the stupa's massive mandala makes it one of the largest spherical stupas in Nepal.The Stupa is said to entomb the remains of Kassapa Buddha.

 

Pasupatinath (UNESCO World Heritage Site):

The magnificent temple of Lord Pashupatinath is located in the north-east of Kathmandu which is about 5 kms in distance from touristic hub Thamel. The temple is situated amidst many other temples on the right bank of the Bagmati river. Pashupathinath is the guardian spirit and the holiest of all Shiva shrines in Nepal. Lord Shiva is known by many different names; and Pashupati is one. Pashu means leaving beings and Pati means master, in other words Pashupati is the master of all living beings of the universe. This is how lord Pashupati is eulogized in the Vedas, Upnisada and other religious books.

 

Swoyambhunath (UNESCO World Heritage Site):

Swoyambhunath is an ancient religious complex atop a hill located in the west of Kathmandu city. It is also known as the Monkey Temple as there are holy monkeys living in the north-west part of the temple.

 

 

 

 

Changu Narayan Temple (UNESCO World Heritage Site):

Changu Narayan Temple is situated on a ridge overlooking the Valley, about 18-km to the east of the city. It is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu.

The temple is full of magnificient art works in metel and wood infact,it is one of the finest example of nepalease architecture.

 

Patan Durbar Square (Lalitpur city - UNESCO World Heritage Site): 

This ancient city, also known as Lalitpur or the city of fine arts is about five km south-east of Kathmandu. The city is full of graceful Hindu pagoda temples and Buddhist monuments. Patan is also listed as a World Heritage Site.

 

 

Bhaktapur Durbar Square (Bhadgaon - UNESCO World Heritage Site):

Although the "youngest" among the three royal cities, Bhaktapur is carrying the oldest image. It is situated at an altitude of 1.401 meters above sea level. Bhaktapur, covering an area of 4 square miles is layed out in the shape of a conch-shell. Bhaktapur means the city of devotees. Pottry and weaving are its traditional industries. The city lies about 14 km east of Kathmandu.

 

 

Bungamati

Bungamati is situated on a ridge and located in the southwest of Kathmandu and about 12 km away from downtown. The ancient township is a natural fortress and has a proud and courageous history.

It is also Macchendranath's ( the god of raining and harvest ) home town.

 

 

 

 

Dakshinkali and Chobhar : 

The temple of Dakshinkali is dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali and is one of the most popular temples in Kathmandu. It is located in the southern rim of the Valley which is 22 km from city center. The shrine is especially crowded on Tuesdays and Saturdays as animal sacrifices are offered to the deity on those days.