The valley of Kathmandu consists of three main cities of great historical and cultural interest. Kathmandu, Lalitpur (Patan) and Bhaktapur (Bhadagaon). Situated at an altitude of 1336m. above sea level. The Kathmandu Valley covers an area of 218 sq. miles. The major tourist attractions in Kathmandu and outside include: 

World Cultural Heritage Sites Of Nepal

Bouddha

Bouddha Nath Stupa, one of the oldest and largest stupa in Nepal is located just 8 km to the east of downtown Kathmandu, Bouddha is also very important site for Tibetean Buddist manument outside Tibet. Bauddhanath is one of the most imposing landmarks in Kathmandu. The stupa is visible even from the window of the aeroplane at the time of landing at the at the International Airport. Also, it is the center of Himalayan Buddhism. 

 

Pasupatinath

Situated just 5 km east of the down townin Kathmandu, the temple of Lord Shiva is considered as one of the most sacred Hindu shrines in the world. The two-tiered pagoda with golden roofs and silver doors houses the sacred linga or phallic symbol of Lord Shiva. Chronicles indicate the temple existed before 400 A.D.

 

 

 

Swoyambhunath

Swoyambhunath is an ancient religious complex resting on a hillock, just 3 km away and located in the west of Kathmandu, it is one of the holiest and oldes Buddhist Chaityas in Nepal. It is said to have evolved spontaneously when the valley was created out of a primordial lake more than 2,000 years ago. This stupa is the oldest of its kind in Nepal and has numerous shrines and monasteries on its premises.atop ahill in the Kathmandu Valley, west of Kathmandu city .

 

Changu Narayan Temple

Changu Narayan Temple is situated on a ridge overlooking the Valley, about 18-km to the east of the city. It is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu.

The temple is full of magnificient art works in metel and wood infact, it is one of the finest example of nepalease architecture. 

 

Lumbini-Birthplace of Lord Buddha

Buddha was born at Lumbini in southern Nepal on a full moon day in 623 B.C. The importance of Lumbini is testified by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka who visited Lumbini in order to pay homage to the great master and erected a pillar ( Ashokan pillar) in 249 B.C. to indicate the birthplace of Buddha.

It is also an UNESCO World Heritage Site (Culture) and holds immense archeological and religious importance.

 

Patan Durbar Square 

This ancient city, also known as Lalitpur or the city of fine arts is about five km south-east of Kathmandu. The city is full of graceful Hindu pagoda temples and Buddhist monuments. Patan is also listed as a World Heritage Site.

 

 

Bhaktapur Durbar Square (Bhadgaon)

Bhaktapur. also known as Bhadgoan, and one of the major cities of the valley, is rich in art and culture. Bhaktapur means the city of devotees.

Agriculture, Pottry and weaving are its traditional industries. The city lies just about 14 km east of Kathmandu. It's a very clean and quiet city with a great historical background. While in Bhaktapur, one can tour around the city, visit the temples, shrines and the museum.

 

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